Traumatic Brain Injury
Clinical neuropsychologist Dr. Glen Johnsons Traumatic Brain Injury Survival Guide was written to explain head injuries in clear, easy to understand language for patients of head injuries. The goal of this online book is to better prepare the head injured person and family for the long road of recovery ahead.
Rehabilitation after traumatic brain injury
As with all rehabilitation, the goal is to help the person achieve the maximum degree of return to their previous level of functioning. Traumatic brain injury rehabilitation is best managed by a specialized interdisciplinary team of health professionals.
What is TBI?
Traumatic brain injury (TBI), also called acquired brain injury or simply head injury, occurs when a sudden trauma causes damage to the brain. TBI can result when the head suddenly and violently hits an object, or when an object pierces the skull and enters brain tissue.
March is Brain Injury Awareness Month
March is Brain Injury Awareness Month, and this year, CDC will again support the Brain Injury Association of America’s “Living with Brain Injury” campaign. The goals of this three-year campaign are to improve the lives of individuals living with brain injury, their families and caregivers, and to raise awareness about brain injuries nationwide.
Traumatic Brain Injury: Hope Through Research
TBI costs the country more than $56 billion a year, and more than 5 million Americans alive today have had a TBI resulting in a permanent need for help in performing daily activities. Survivors of TBI are often left with significant cognitive, behavioral, and communicative disabilities, and some patients develop long-term medical complications, such as epilepsy.
Living with Traumatic Brain Injury: Post-Rehabilitation Recovery
Neuropsychological evaluation is useful in determining which cognitive functions are intact (or nearly so) and which are impaired after a traumatic brain injury. Unfortunately, family members only occasionally have an opportunity to discuss test results. When such discussions do occur, the words used by the neuropsychologist may be quite technical and family members may not understand how things like “impaired initiation”, “left neglect”, or “apraxia” might be observed in daily life.
Recovering from a Brain Injury
There is no question that maximizing recovery from head injury is expensive, time consuming, and emotionally draining. Like the rest of us, individuals who sustain head injuries rarely reach their full potential. At some point, the individual may “burnout” and decide that further efforts toward remediating deficits or acquiring additional skills is not worth the effort involved. The decision to temporarily suspend or terminate formal rehabilitation does not necessarily mean that recovery will stop or that skill levels will deteriorate.
Clinical Trials in Head Injury
Millions of head injuries occur each year. The World Bank estimates that approximately five million head injuries per year can be attributed just to traffic accidents worldwide. A sizeable fraction of the patients die, and a sizeable fraction survive with severe, long-term disabilities. Tissue damage associated with head injury include axonal injury, focal contusions and edema, and intracranial hematomas and swelling. To repair the original injury is acknowledged to be difficult, but the spread of secondary damage to the brain can possibly be contained.
How long does it take for brain injury to occur?
Research by a Sandia National Laboratories engineer and a University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center neurologist shows that brain injury may occur within one millisecond after a human head is thrust into a windshield as a result of a car accident.